I chose to present you all the journey that I have already done.
The first one that I did is the Carlingford’s visit.
Carlingford is a coastal fortified townland in northern country of Ireland (Louth). It is situated. The city is approximately located about thirty kilometers north east (by road) from Dundalk (16 km directly), 90 km north of Dublin and 11 km south of the border with Northern Ireland. There was 1.045 inhabitants in Carlingford in 2011
I have already visited this city. The first time was with my father, the day after I arrived in Dundalk (yes, my father is nice, he came with me in order to help me in my installation). The second time was with the DKIT for the Erasmus Day.
I extremely enjoy this lovely city because it is as a village border by the sea. There is also some wonderful mountains (it is available to do walking) and castle ruins.
The main places of interest are (source wikipedia):
· “King John's Castle. Despite the western part being commissioned by Hugh de Lacy before 1186, the castle owes its name to King John (Richard the Lionheart's brother) who visited Carlingford in 1210. The eastern part was constructed in the mid-13th century with alterations and additions occurring in the 15th and 16th centuries. In the 1950s the Office of Public Works (OPW) undertook conservation work to stabilize the structure. An excellent view of the north pier and lough can be had from the viewing area on the eastern side of the castle, though the castle itself is closed to the general public for health and safety reasons”.
The King John Castle
· “Taaffe's Castle. A fortified town house that belonged to the rich mercantile Taaffe family who became Earls of Carlingford in 1661. Its close proximity to the harbour would suggest a trading depot on the ground floor with the upper floors reserved for residence. The construction suggests two phases—the main tower built in the early 16th century while the extension to the side occurred later”.
The Taaffee Castle
· The Tholsel. The Tholsel or "town-gate" is the only remaining example of its nature in Carlingford and one of the few left in Ireland. Originally it was three stories high—the present appearance due to alteration made in the 19th century. The original function was to levy taxes on goods entering the town—the murder-holes on the side of the walls are testaments to that fact. In 1834 it was used by the Corporation of Carlingford for meeting and a Parliament is said to have used it to make laws for The Pale. It was also used as a town gaol in the 18th century.
· The Mint. A fortified three-storey town house belonging to a wealthy merchant family in the centre of Carlingford. While the right to mint coinage was not granted to Carlingford until 1467, it is unlikely that it was actually used as a mint. The most interesting feature is the five highly decorated limestone windows. The patterns and motifs are an example of the influence of the Celtic Renaissance on art during the 16th century.
· Dominican Friary. The Dominicans were established in Carlingford in 1305 primarily because of their patron Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster, with the friary itself being dedicated to St. Malachy. Dissolved in 1540 by Henry VIII, it became the centre of a repossession struggle between the Dominicans and Franciscans in the 1670s. It was resolved in favour of the Dominicans by Oliver Plunkett. However the friary itself was subsequently abandoned in the 18th century by the Dominicans to their present location of Dundalk. The remains today consist of a nave and chancel divided by a tower. Also, there are possible remains of some domestic buildings to the south like a mill race and mill pond.
· Church of the Holy Trinity. Donated by the Church of Ireland to Carlingford this restored medieval church is also known as the Holy Trinity Heritage Centre. Exhibits inside display the history of Carlingford from Viking times to the present period. The video and beautiful stained glass window are popular with visitors. Musical recitals are common. The grounds outside contain a graveyard.
The Church Of the Holy Trinity
· Market Square. Now the main street of Carlingford, this was the area where a weekly market was held with records of its layout going back to 1358. It is now the intersection of Dundalk Street and the beginning of River Lane.
This is the place where the market took place before
I hope you enjoy this article on my trip.
Hope to see you soon,
Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlingford,_County_Louth
Carlingford Tourist Information
Le Petit Futé Irlande, Dominique Auzias, Jean-Paul Labourdette, 2011
I come back to you to present you the last journey that I did, in Liverpool. I chose to go to this city because I have some Erasms friends who live close to Liverpool (Landcaster). It was an opportunity to visit a famous city of England ans also to meet my friends.
As perhaps some of you know, Liverpool is an old harbour located in the Lancashire county (North-West of England). The city was really famous during the XXth century because 40% of the international trade pass to the Chester harbour. It was also an important city in the industry for the Common Wealth, therefore for England also.
Meanwhile, during the 60's - 70's The Beattle band play for the first time on the Cavern Pub. Then Many extremely famous band come to play in these pub (The Rolling Stones, the Who, Rod Stewart, Led Zeppelin, Chuck Berry, Michael Jackson,...) and nowadays you can still have some free concert or for less than 4 pounds.
Liverpool is also a reknown city for its two football club in First League : Liverpool FC and Everton. Liverpool FC is the famous one and have won in 2005 its last trophy, the Champions League (specific to Europe) and the Community Shield in 2006 (specific to England)
I extremely enjoy my journey, it was pleasant becaue it xas sunny and the city is different than ones in Ireland.
I would like to share with you some place that I visited and well-liked :
- Liverpool John Lennon Airport is an international aiport serving specifically North West England. It is located at 7.5 miles (12 kilometers) southeast of th city centre. The airport is named after Liverpudlian musician John Lennon of the Beatles. Between 1997 and 2007, the Liverpool John Lennon Airport was one of Europe's fastest growing airports, with an increasing annual passenger number close to 5 million in 10 years. (689.468 in 1997 to 5.47 million in 2007). Nevertheless, since 2007, the numbrs have since fallen and "only" 4.2 million passengers passed to the airport in 2013, making it the 12th busiest airport in United Kingdom.
- Albert Dock is a dock building, stores and warehouses. it was designed by Jesse Hartey and Philip Hardwick and opened in 1846. It was the first Britiain structure to be build up with iron, brick and stone, without strucutral wood. the Albert Dock was considered to be revolutionary dock because ships and boats were loaded directly to the stores. Thanks to its open yet secure design, these dock became a pleasant and popular store for valuable cargoes such as cotton, tea, sugar... During the Second World War, the Albert Dock was requisitioned by the Admiralty serving as the basis for the British fleet boats. The complex was damaged during air raids on Liverpool, notably during the Blitz in May 1941. After the war, the financial problems of the owners and the general decline of docking in the city meant that the future of Albert Dock was uncertain. Many plans have been developed for the reuse of buildings but none were successful and in 1972 the dock was finally closed. The Albert Dock has remained abandoned for nearly a decade, but the redevelopment of the dock began in 1981 when the Merseyside Development Corporation was set up. He finally opened officially in 1984.
- Today the Albert Dock is a major tourist attraction in the city and its multiple use makes it one of the most visited places in the UK, outside the tourist attractions of London. It is a vital component of UNESCO designated World Heritage Maritime Liverpool City Mercantile and the host complex and warehouses also include the largest single collection of Grade I listed buildings anywhere in the UK
- The Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool is the Anglican cathedral of the city. It is the seat of the Bishop of Liverpool. The cathedral was built on Mount Saint James in the heart of the city, between 1904 and 1942 on the plans of the architect Giles Gilbert Scott. The building was constructed in sandstone (excerpt in Woolton, a suburb of Liverpool), which explains its red color. It is the largest cathedral in the UK and the fifth largest monde4,5: It measures indeed 9687 m² (104,275 square feet). The definitive inauguration marked by the completion of the works, takes place the 15th of October in 1978 in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II after multiple complications related to the two World Wars that have not spared the city of Liverpool
- The Cavern Club is a performance hall located in the center of Liverpool, UK. This is where, for the first time, their future manager Brian Epstein saw the Beatles play on 9 November 1961. Opened January 16, 1957, the club is named after the local present in the basement of the hotel, where the Beatles occurred repeatedly. In two and a half - from February 9, 1961 to August 3, 1963 - they gave 292 performances there, often at lunch time by English traditions, attracting a crowd of spectators more and more, is creating a nucleus of fans. Many other groups have played (including representatives of style merseybeat as Billy J. Kramer): The Rolling Stones, Arctic Monkeys, The Who, Pink Floyd, Oasis, Aretha Franklin, John Lee Hooker, The Ting Tings, the Kinks.
The club still exists and a reconstruction of the place as it was in the days of the Beatles, the group is present in the museum, located on the Albert Dock in Liverpool. You can see the group members signatures and drawings on the back wall behind the stage.
Currently, the Cavern Club is divided into two separate rooms:
1) The "vaulted" room (reconstruction of the Beatles), which gives priority to groups taking the music of the Fab Four.
2) The "modern" room, with a larger stage and a sound system current, welcomes groups of all styles and nationalities.
We were lucky, we saw a really good band (I can't remember their name) but they play Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, Rolling Stones songs and so on. It was impressive and pleasant.
That's it for my trip in Liverpool (2 days). I enjoy so much the city and I hope to come back later,
I hope you have enjoy these article on my journey in Liverpool,
See you soon,
I would like to share with you some actualities from the city where I am presently living. I have chosen to present you a football game that I have seen with a German Guys.
The game was nice: the score was 3-0 for Dundalk. th goal was scored by Brian Gartland (16') and David McMillan (68', 86'). But the two last goal, Saint Patrick's was playing with ten players (Red card for Conor McCormack (44') and twenty minutes later with nine (red card for Killian Brennan, 63').
The game was interesting but the players do not shoot a lot and it seems to be less professional football compare to France or England League.
I have chosen to present you this soccer team because Dundalk is one of the only one city which is reknown for soccer and not for rugby (which is uncommon in Ireland)
The Club was created in 1903 and it is the second most successful team in Ireland behind the Shamrock Rovers. They are playing in Oriel Park, a stadium of 6,000 places.
Seating in the Oriel Stadium, we were around 3,000 this night
The Stadium owns a bar where you can have a drink and there is also a place to get some candies, hot dogs or soup. In this lovely place, you have to drink there, therefore everybody is coming before and after the game and during the break.
There we saw that Dundalk FC has already playing... Liverpool FC, in European Champions Cup, Not that bad right :)
Here is the List of Dundalk FC's Honours
- League of Ireland: 10
- FAI Cup: 9
- 1941-42, 1948-49, 1951-52, 1957-58, 1976-77, 1978-79, 1980-81, 1987-88, 2001-02
- League of Ireland Cup: 5
- 1977–78, 1980–81, 1986–87, 1989–90, 2014
- League of Ireland Shield: 2
- 1966–67, 1971–72
- Dublin City Cup: 5
- 1937–38, 1942–43, 1948–49, 1967–68, 1968–69
- Top Four Cup: 2
- 1963–64, 1966–67
- Leinster Senior Cup: 6
- 1950–51, 1960–61, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1976–77, 1977–78
- President’s Cup: 1
- LFA President's Cup: 10
- 1930–31, 1951–52, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1988–89, 1989–90, 2015
- Dublin and Belfast Intercity Cup: 1
As you can see, Dundalk FC is the last Champion of Ireland League and they have already won one trophee, the LFA Presiden's Cup.
I hope you enjoy this new articles on news from Dundalk,
I have prepare an email to a friend who told me that he wants to join the Univerisity (English exercise)
I would like to share it with you, it is on the facilities in Dundalk too. The first article was writen is formal and this one is writen in informal:
I’m very happy to hear that you want to study in DKIT. You’ll see the DKIT campus is really good and the facilities are so deadly. I want to share with you some facilities that I really appreciate.
The first one is the Student services facilities. Here, in DKIT we are so lucky because we have a bank on the campus. It’s not necessary to go to the centre of the city, which is twenty five minutes from the campus if you need to withdraw money for your lunch, candies, or drinking. You can buy those things in the shop located in the campus too, which is dead handy when you want to eat something between two classes. There is also a café which offers many products too for your breakfast or your lunch.
The second one is the library. In there, you find lots of stuffs (books and computers essentially), not like in your home university, believe me. This place is as well really nice when you want to revise your assessment or to practise oral exam, because it is a quiet place. You can borrow some DVD/Series too, especially if you want to improve your English.
Finally, there are lots of activities which are mostly free. For instance, you can do rugby, soccer, volleyball, hurling, Zumba, kick-boxing, and so on. The issue is that you have timetables for all the activities and sometimes the activity that you want to do is unavailable because of your lessons timetables.
I’m really excited to introduce my school to you, it’s amazing and I hope to see you next semester,
I hope that you enjoy the comparison between the formal and the informal language,
Hope to see you soon,
I want to present you the economic situation of Ireland:
As perhaps some of you knows, Ireland have known an austerity policy since 2008 and, by an International plan (International Monetary Fund and European Union), have been saved to the bankruptcy in 2010. Nowadays, Ireland rear its head. Indeed, their economy grew 4.8% in 2014, the fastest pace in Europe according to The Wall Street Journal. Even if there was a reduction during the last month of 2014, this dynamic should continue in 2015.
In fact, Ireland forecast a growth of 3.5%. According to Alan McQuaid, economist at Merrion Stockbrokers, “Ireland benefit from its closely commercial link with United States and United Kingdom, two of the principal motors of the global growth during the last twelve months”. Moreover, there is also a development of the local demand for the first time since 2010. Finally, the loss of the euro should be an opportunity for the industrial competition base in the country.
Nevertheless, those numbers have to be taken with precaution. Actually, there is a large amount of multinational in Ireland in pharmaceutical and communicable technologies especially, and their result depend on the conjunction of the country. These 6 years of austerity was marked by a rise of the taxes, the creation of a property tax, the low of 11% loyal servants’ wage… The government had also chosen to tax the drinkable water while nowadays these measure causes many manifestations. Otherwise, the Anti-Austerity Alliance (AAA), an extreme democratic movement created in 2014, covet to be like Syriza in Greece or Podemos in Spain. Ireland get a safeguard plan at the end of 2013. They obtained a partial restructuration of their debt, which high at 114.8% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Manifestation on the drinkable water
According to the newspaper Forbes, Ireland is the Sixth best Fiscal Paradise all around the world. There is three steps to elaborate this rankings:
“First we had to determine what places were secrecy jurisdictions. To do this we created a « list of lists » looking at tax haven listings over a period of more than 30 years and selecting for testing, broadly speaking, all those that came on two lists or more over that period. Then our team researched data on a wide range of issues–about 200 variables per location.
Then, twelve criteria were selected as key indicators of opacity, varying from whether there was formal banking secrecy or not, to whether accounts were required to be on public record, to how many tax information exchange agreements the jurisdictions had. The place got a mark for being opaque and none if it was transparent. Next we had to determine the amount of cash flowing through each location using International Monetary Fund data.
Combine the two rankings (deploying a little mathematics along the way, I admit) and you get the overall top 10 list. These are the 10 most significant secrecy jurisdictions in the world, in the opinion of the Tax Justice Network: the U.S. (Delaware), Luxembourg, Switzerland, Cayman Islands, the U.K. (City of London), Ireland, Bermuda, Singapore, Belgium and Hong Kong”.
Ireland's idyllic landscape belies its savvy financial sector
Ireland offers interesting financial conditions. It's called the "double Irish" in the financial world: A company founds two subsidiaries in Ireland with its business tax rate of 12.5 percent. Then, one claims to be based in a different tax haven (Comparable taxes in the United States, for example, are around 35 percent). While the one company does business in Europe, it pays the other patent fees. Profits vanish, as costs and income equal out on the balance sheet. This is completely legal in Ireland, and therefore an optimal location for companies such as Google, Apple or Amazon.
I hope you enjoy this article on the Ireland’s economy,
PS: In Ireland it is very sunny since two weeks (20 degrees), a friend of mine visit me so I am very happy to share some time with her and the other Erasmus
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