• Hi everyone,

     

     

    I have chosen to share with you my first inevitable article. Indeed, I have to present you five articles on different main topics, and the first one that I want to present you will be on the Ireland’s social rituals, more precisely the shamrock.

     

    Shamrock, a national Emblem

       www.linternaute.com 

     

    The shamrock (from the Gaelic Seamrog) is one of the most famous Irish emblem. It represents the green valley that we could find across Ireland. The trefoil is also a cultural symbol, since Saint Patrick used it to explain to the King of Munster (Aengus) the Holy Trinity. The trefoil is also perceived as a lucky charm which brought the luck to the person who will find one with 4 clovers.

     

    A Religious and National Symbol

    Shamrock, a national Emblem

     St. Patrick at St. Nicholas in Belle River 

     

    The legend relates that the trefoil was used by Saint Patrick for his evangelism assignment. Because he has tried to convert the King Aengus to the Christian causes, he used a trefoil with 3 clovers in order to illustrate the Holy Trinity. According to him, each clover represents the Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit. Thus, the trefoil is the God incarnation. This idea was diffused across Ireland, and the trefoil was associated to Saint Patrick and be one of the most famous Irish Symbol. Nowadays, when you ask to Irish people: “What does represent a shamrock for you?” they answer that they think to Saint Patrick, the wild landscape and also the Irish conversion to the Christian.

     

     

    Celebration

    Shamrock, a national Emblem

      People from around the world celebrate St. Patrick's Day in remembrance of Ireland, and their own Irish heritage (www.learnstuff.com) 

     

    Since the ninth century, every March 17th, there is a Saint Patrick Celebration. This day all the Irish wear proudly a shamrock, on their clothes, on their hat, or on their cheek. They can wear also green clothes or other Irish symbol (like Guinness, Harps and Irish imp call leprechauns). Nowadays, the Saint Patrick celebration spread to the foreign who participate to the festivities and have the feeling to “be Irish for one day”. During this celebration, they use to eat and drink Irish specialities like the Murphy's, Smithwick’s, Harp and Guinness, or whiskeys, Irish cider and Irish coffee. 

     

    Shamrock, a national Emblem

     Green giants: Ireland lifted the trophy this year but who will be Six Nations champions in 2015? First Idea with the Ireland’s Second Match against France the 14th of February (www.rugbyworld.com) 

     

    ü  The Irish rugby team logo is the trefoil with 3 clovers in memories of their origins and their national identity. They wear a suit which is in green and white too, as the Irish flag (Green-White-Orange)

     

    I hope you have enjoyed this article on the Shamrock and understood why this emblem is reallyimportant for them, 

     

    Normally, I should come back to you in less than two weeks and give you some news about the Rugby match against Ireland and France, 

    See you soon, 

     

    Victor 

    Bibliography:


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  • Hey everybody, 

    I want to present you one of the most famous competition in Rugby, the Six Nations Championship. Perhaps you know that in the past the Six Nations championship was named the Home Nations Championship. It was played between the nation of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1883–1909 and 1932–39). Two countries joined this championship: France in 1910 and Italy in 2000.

    The winner is called the “European Champion”. If the Champion has never lost (he cans make a draw) he realises the Grand Slam (in French the Grand Chelem). In 2014, the European Champion was Ireland. The last Grand Slam was realised by Wales in 2012. Wales own also the best winning record with 37 victories in the competition.

    There is also a feminine version of the championship and a junior one (less than 20 years old).  France has won in 2014 in both competition.

    Quote information about the Players:

    Nations 

      Angleterre

      Écosse

      France

      Galles

      Irlande

      Italie

    Traditional colors

    White Shirt, White Shorts, Marine Socks

    Blue Marine Shirt, White Shorts, Blue Marine Socks

    Blue King Shirt, White Shorts, Red Socks

    Red Shirt, White Shorts, Red Socks

    Green Shirt, White Shorts, Green Socks

    Blue Azure Shirt, White Shorts, Blue Azure Socks

    Stadium

    Twickenham in London

    Murrayfield in Edinburgh

    Stade de France in Saint-Denis 

    Millennium Stadium in  Cardiff

    Aviva Stadium in Dublin

    Olympic Stadium in Rome

    Emblem

    The Lancaster’s Red Rose

    The Scottish Thistle

    The Rooster

    The Three Ostrich Feather, the Leek

    The Shamrock

    None

    Anthem

    God Save the Queen 

    Flower of Scotland 

    La Marseillaise 

    Hen Wlad fy Nhadau 

    Ireland's Call and Amhrán na bhFiann

    (For home matches)

    Fratelli d'Italia 

    Kind Regards, 

    Victor ^o^

     

    Bibliography: 

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Slam_(rugby_union)

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Nations_Championship

    http://www.rbs6nations.com/en/matchcentre/fixtures_and_results.php

    http://www.rbs6nations.com/en/championship/index.php

    http://www.rbs6nations.com/en/championship/history.php

    http://www.irishtimes.com/6nations

    Six Nations, The Irish Times, Wednesday, February 4, 2015

     

    Results

    WEEK 1

    06/02/2015: Wales 16-21 England 

    07/02/2015: Italy 3-26 Ireland

    07/02/2015: France 15-8 Scotland

     

    WEEK 2

    14/02/2015: England 47-17 Italy

    14/02/2015: Ireland 18-11 France

    15/02/2015: Scotland 23-26 Wales

     

    WEEK 3

    28/02/2015: Scotalnd 19 - 22 Italy

    28/02/2015: France 13 - 20 Wales

    01/03/2015: Ireland 19 - 9 England

     

    WEEK 4

    14/03/2015: Wales 23 - 16 Ireland 

    14/03/2015: England 25 - 13 Scotland

    15/03/2015: Italy 0 - 29 France

     

    Final WEEK (5)

    21/03/2015: Scotalnd 10 - 40 Ireland 

    21/03/2015: Italy 20 - 61 Wales

    21/03/2015: England 55 -35 France

     

    Final Ranking 

    Six Nations Championship

     

     


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  • Hey Everyone, 

    It's been a long time that I haven't give you some news, so sorry about that

    Today I've done a funny exercise that I chose to share with you. The main objective was to be as a teacher. You have to choose an article and to present it. 

    I have chosen to present with my partner Maxime (from the same school) an article which focus on the European problem. Here is the link of our article that we have presented: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/05/europe-europeans-fears-terrorism-unemployment-pandemics

    We chose this topic because it deals with different countries on their different fears. it is also an uncommon topic and studied the country's fear allow us to better understand the country's situation.

    Then we have the tables of contents composed by four parts 

    I. Article's Summary

    II. Vocabulary

    III. Background Information 

    IV. Grammar Point

     

    I. Article's Summary

      All the European countries are not afraid about the same things. Their fears are actually different, they depend on their history, politics, wealth, etc…

      Britains have mainly 2 fears: the world and the nation. Indeed, the international terrorism is seen like the most important threat by them and this increases with time. 80% of respondents think that the terrorism is a global threat but 70% of them think terrorism is also a national threat. Nevertheless, the most important national threats are knife crime, online fraud and burglary.  Terrorism is not the most important national threats because most of Britains think terrorism is a fatality they cannot change.

       In Germany fears are actually important. The Germans have a supposed tendency to be strained and anxious since the war and the end of the Nazi times. But their main important fear is about money; their biggest worry is about the rising cost of living. Their second main fear is to become disable in old age and to be a burden for others. Both of these fears increase because of the crisis, lot of Germans think that Germany will have to spend more money because of the euro crisis.

       Since the terrorist attack in Paris the fear has never been so present in France, but even before the terrorism threat increased, the fear was already high. It actually started with the Mohamed Merah’s attacks in Toulouse and Montauban in March 2012 even if only half of the French people realized that it was a terrorist attack. However it’s only after the Charlie Hebdo attack that Frenchs understood the danger of the terrorism. This attack impacted not only France but lots of countries like Italy.

       In Italy the perceived threat of al-Qaida is quite strong after the Charlie Hebdo’s attack but especially after the Islamic State said it wanted to infiltrate Europe. Apart from terrorism, the main important threat for the Italians is the economy; most of people worry about it and think that future generations will not be as well-off as they are. This can be explained because of the crisis, the record 13.4% high unemployment rate and the immigration problem.

    We have chosen to present a short video to focus on the italian immigrations issues and the conditions in which the immigrants are living

     

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCK_m3ds1fU 

     

      To put in a nutshell, European countries are not afraid about the same things but their most important threats are terrorism and economics problems. 

     

    As a teacher

    A sign reads ‘Not Afraid’ as thousands gather for a candle light vigil on Place de la Republique in central Paris hours after the attack on the Charlie Hebdo headquarters in Paris.

    Photograph: Ian Langsdon/EPA

    II. Vocabulary 

    Then we have to present around ten words that we do not know before to the class 

    ·         In-depth (adjective): extensive, thorough

    = profound

      An in-depth analysis of public threat perceptions […]

     

    ·         To Wallow In (Verb): to roll around in something. 

     = to roll, to wrap, to trundle

    […] or else they withdraw into their shells and wallow in depression

     

    ·         To Tend (verb): to be disposed or inclined in action, operation, or effect to do something

    = To be in the habit of

    The Germans tend to be scared

     

    ·         A Burden (noun): that which is carried; load 

    = load, weight

    The fear of becoming disabled in old age and being a burden to others

     

    ·         To Sink (verb):  displace part of the volume of a supporting substance or object and become totally or partially submerged or enveloped, fall below the surface or to the bottom 

    = to fall, go down, founder

     The average aggregate of all its personal […] sank in 2014 to its lowest level in 20 years

     

    ·         Dread (Noun, verb): be in extreme apprehension of

    = fear, doubts, being afraid

    This does not necessarily translate into a feeling of dread

     

    ·         Spark (noun): an ignited or fiery particle such as is thrown off by burning wood or produced by one body striking against another

    = electrical flash

    The process for the production of alumina powders initially grew from spark plug production

     

    ·         To Be Well off (expression): To be Prosperous, To be flourishing

    = to be rich, to be wealthy

     The population is worried that future generations will not be as well off as we are.

     

    ·         On the back burner (Adverb): a condition of low priority or temporary deferment 

    = low priority

     From that point on, this trend has remained constant, and other classic fears, of crime and immigration, for example, remain on the back burner

     

    ·         Chiefly (Adverb): especially or essentially 

    = primarily; essentially

     Italians are chiefly concerned about the economy and jobs.

     

    Then we have to prepare an exercise on the vocabulary that we were going to present

    As a teacher

    III. Back Ground Informations

    In this part we have to search for some additional informations on the same topic. We have chosen to focus on two countries and the European continent 

     

     Poland: “Polish are frightened of Russia: 78% of the population regard the situation in Ukraine as a threat to the security of their country. A common belief held here since the 19th century maintains that, without Ukraine, Russia is not a threat to Poland. But when Ukraine is dominated by Russia, the Poles are next. Besides, some are asking if they: “are we not sufficiently integrated into the west to be worth not being sold off to the Russians?”” 

     

    Spain: “Since the Charlie Hebdo attack in January, the fears of jihadi attack in Spain have risen – perhaps unsurprising for a country that has already experienced terrorism first-hand and on a greater scale. A survey carried out six days after the attack on Charlie Hebdo found that some 58% of Spaniards believed that a repeat of the attack in Madrid on 11 March 2004, which killed 192 people and wounded 1,858, was likely. A further 64% questioned last month thought an attack on a specific target, similar to the one in Paris, was likely to be carried out in Spain especially as Spain help to defeat jihadi group in Iraq and Syria”.

     

    Europe: “According to the Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT)'s 24th General Report, reprisals were carried out against prisoners in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Russia, Spain, Macedonia, and Ukraine. In the detention centers (including prisons, police stations, holding centers for immigration detainees, psychiatric hospitals, and even social care homes) of those country, they may not  only violate their human rights but also strikes a blow to the preventive mechanism established by the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture. The report also highlighted several problems with the detention of juveniles around Europe”.

     

    IV. Grammar Point 

    Finally, we have to point out a difficult grammar point, and Maxime and I chose to focus on the difference between As/Like  because we were doing everytime the mistake (I hope that is clear now)

    Like: we use it when the second part of the comparison is a noun or a pronoun: 

    ·         Dave looks like his father.  -  Don't do like me!

    Like may be changed by adverb of degree, like:

    ·         Just, more, very much, not at all…: Just like you, Jane wanted to be a doctor.

     AS: we use it when the second part of the comparison is a verb, a preposition or proposition:

    ·         Don't do as I do!

    As is using also before a noun, when “as” refer to the function, the job of somebody

    She works as a nurse.

     

    Then we have to prepare an exercise on this Grammar Point: 

    Choose the correct answer

    1. My sister is not at all as / like me. 

    2. I've had my hair cut, as / like you can see.

    3. Tom has joined a telephone company as/ like a product manager

    4. When James was a student, he worked every summer as / like a waiter. 

    5. My friend Mary looks as / like Madonna. 

    6. Tom qualified as / like an engineer before attending a business school. 

    7. Julie is completely overworked. She works as / like a slave !

    8. Today is Friday, so today, as / like on every Friday, we wear casual wear. 

    9. Strong leaders, as / like Winston Churchill, are ew and far between. 

    10. He's a very good swimmer. he can swim as / like a fish!

     

    If you have done both exercise, you can take a look to the answer: 

    Vocabulary answer: 

    (Vertical)

    1. Wallowing

    2. Tend 

    3. Chiefly

    4. Back Burner 

    5. Sparked

    (Horizontal)

    5. Sink

    6. Are well off

    7. In-Depth

    8. Dread

    9. Burden

     

    Grammar point answer: 

    1. like 

    2. as 

    3. as 

    4. as 

    5. like 

    6. as

    7. like 

    8. as 

    9. like 

    10. like

     

    To sum up, it was an interesting experience and I just want to share with you because I think it will help me to progress in my knowledge in English, in my speaking and in my wrting expression. 

    Next time I should focus on the trip that I did (Carlingford, BlackRock, Giant Causeway Tour, Galway, Connemara Tour)

    Hope to see you soon, 

    Kind regards, 

     

    Victor ^o^


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